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Chapters of the European Sustainable Development Report 2021
Ending the COVID-19 pandemic everywhere is a prerequisite for restoring and accelerating SDG progress in Europe and globally. The pandemic halted progress towards achieving the SDG goals in Europe and elsewhere in 2021, reducing life expectancy and increasing poverty and unemployment rates in many countries.
Part 1: Peformance of European Countries against the SDGs
There are gaps in SDG performance across European regions and countries. Overall, Northern European countries perform best, with an average SDG Index score of 81% in 2020. By contrast, candidate countries perform more poorly, with an average score in 2020 of just above 55%.
Part 2: The European Green Deal, EU Recovery and the SDGs
Achieving the SDGs requires success in realizing six major transformations: quality education; access to good quality and affordable health care; renewable energy and a circular economy; sustainable land and marine management; sustainable urban infrastructure; and universal access to digital services.
Part 3: Transforming food and land systems in the EU to achieve the SDGs
Food systems are responsible for about a third of global GHG emissions and generate other climate and biodiversity impacts. Current diets are a major driver of rising healthcare costs. The EU performs poorly on SDG 2 due to unsustainable diets, high and rising obesity rates, and unsustainable agriculture and farming.
The Europe Sustainable Development Report 2021 is the third edition of our independent quantitative report on the progress of the European Union and its member states towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The report was prepared by teams of independent experts at the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) and the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP).